14th arrondissement of Paris – Wikipedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Municipal arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The 14th arrondissement of Paris (French: XIVe arrondissement [katɔʁzjɛm aʁɔ̃dismɑ̃]), officially named arrondissement de l’Observatoire (IPA: [aʁɔ̃dismɑ̃ də lɔpsɛʁvatwaʁ]; meaning “arrondissement of the Observatory”, after the Paris Observatory),[2] is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. It is situated on the left bank of the River Seine and contains most of the Montparnasse district. Although today Montparnasse is best known for its skyscraper, the Tour Montparnasse, and its major railway terminus, the Gare Montparnasse, these are both actually located in the neighboring 15th arrondissement. The district has traditionally been home to many artists as well as a Breton community, arrived at the beginning of the 20th century upon the creation of the Montparnasse railway terminus.

Universities located in the 14th arrondissement also include the Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, which is located near the Parc Montsouris, the Stade Charléty and the catacombs; and the Paris School of Economics.[3]

Geography[edit]

The land area of this arrondissement is 5.621 km2 (2.17 sq. miles, or 1,389 acres).

Demography[edit]

The 14th arrondissement attained its peak population in 1954 when it had 181,414 inhabitants. It continues to have a high density of both population and business activity with 132,844 inhabitants and 71,836 jobs as of the last census, in 1999.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km2)
1872 69,611 12,384
1954 (peak of population) 181,414 32,274
1962 178,149 31,693
1968 167,093 29,727
1975 149,137 26,532
1982 138,596 24,657
1990 136,574 24,297
1999 132,844 23,634
2009 137,189 24,324

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 14th arrondissement in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
78.4% 21.6%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.4% 4.3% 4.4% 11.5%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Economy[edit]

Aéroports de Paris has its head office in the arrondissement.[4] In addition Société d’exploitation de l’hebdomadaire Le Point (SEBDO Le Point), the company that operates Le Point, has its head office in the arrondissement.[5]

SNCF, the French rail company, formerly had its head office in Montparnasse and the 14th arrondissement.[6][7]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

La Santé Prison, operated by the Ministry of Justice, is in the arrondissement.

The head office of the Agency for French Education Abroad (AEFE), the French international schooling network, is in the arrondissement.[8]

Culture[edit]

The International Astronomical Union head office is located on the second floor of the Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris.[9] The Théâtre Rive Gauche is located at 6, rue de la Gaîté. Several contemporary art galleries are also located in the 14th arrondissement, such as the Fondation Cartier pour l’Art Contemporain, the Musée Adzak and the Gallery of Montparnasse.

Cityscape[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Main streets and squares[edit]

Pedestrian street in the 14th arrondissement of Paris

References[edit]

External links[edit]