Leyland, Lancashire – Wikipedia

Town in Lancashire, England

Town in England

Leyland ( LAY-lənd) is a town in South Ribble, Lancashire, England, six miles (10 km) south of Preston. The population was 35,578 at the 2011 Census.[2]

The name of the town is Anglo-Saxon, meaning “untilled land”.

History[edit]

English Leyland was an area of fields, with Roman roads passing through, from ancient Wigan to Walton-le-Dale.

It was left undisturbed for many centuries until rediscovered shortly after the Battle of Hastings (1066). Leyland is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1085). In 1066, King Edward the Confessor presided over the whole of Leyland. The manor was divided into three large ploughlands, which were controlled by local noblemen. In the 12th century, it came under the barony of Penwortham.

The area of Worden, which is now Worden Park, was one of nine oxgangs of land granted to the Knights Hospitaller, by Roger de Lacy, in Lancashire, but the land was not assigned to any individual and a local man, who was a very close friend of de Lacy, Hugh Bussel, was assigned holder of the land in 1212.

Notable features that remain include the St Andrew’s Parish Church, built around 1200 AD, and the large stone Leyland Cross, thought to date back to Saxon times.

Industry and commerce[edit]

The town is famous primarily for the bus and truck manufacturer Leyland Motors, which between the 1950s and 1970s expanded and grew to own several British motor manufacturers, including British Motor Corporation, Standard-Triumph and Rover, culminating in the massive British Leyland company. The truck business still operates today as Leyland Trucks, and is owned by Paccar.

Leyland is also home to one of the leading maintenance and utility companies in the United Kingdom, Enterprise plc on Centurion Way.

The town has been home to Dr Oetkers pizza factory on Marathon Place, Moss Side, since 1989.[3]

Transport[edit]

Leyland railway station is on the West Coast Main Line and is operated by Northern. There is one train an hour between Liverpool Lime Street and Preston. There is also one train an hour between Manchester Victoria/Hazel Grove to Blackpool North.

There is a marker adjacent to the old Leyland Motors Spurrier works at the halfway point on the railway journey between Glasgow and London, some 198 miles in either direction. John Fishwick & Sons which served the town’s public transport needs, and connected the town to Chorley and Preston, ceased trading in 2015 and Stagecoach Merseyside & South Lancashire took over the route.[4]

Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

High schools in Leyland include Balshaw’s CE High School near Leyland Cross, St Mary’s Catholic High School, Worden Academy, a smaller high school situated to the west of the town and Wellfield Academy near the town centre.[5]

Colleges[edit]

To the east of Worden Park is Runshaw College.

Architecture[edit]

Former Primitive Methodist chapel, Leyland Lane

Since July 2007, the former Primitive Methodist Church on Leyland Lane has been home to the Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Apostles.[6]

Most of the housing in Leyland falls under the semi-detached, detached and bungalow categories. There are a few modern housing estates, but about 65% of the accommodation in the town was built in the 1970s.

Leyland is made up by six different areas, the town centre itself counts as the main retail side, with the railway station, library and shops nearby. The other areas include Broadfield, Moss Side, Worden Park, Turpin Green and the Wade Hall estate.

Geography[edit]

Notable people who have grown up or lived in Leyland include:

  • Brian Pilkington, footballer
  • Fred Beardsworth, footballer
  • William Bennett, 1920s footballer
  • Clarke Carlisle, footballer, was educated at Balshaw’s CE High School
  • Trevor Hemmings, multi millionaire philanthropist spent his teenage years in Leyland[citation needed]
  • Allen Hill, played in the first ever cricket Test
  • Phil Jones, footballer
  • John Lawton, biologist[citation needed]
  • Frank Moss, football manager and former player, known for his six-year contract with Arsenal
  • Danny Mayor, footballer
  • Mike Salmon, retired goalkeeper, who currently works as a football manager
  • Kevin Simm, Liberty X singer grew up in the area and attended St Anne’s Primary School and St Mary’s High School
  • Chris Tuson, rugby league player
  • John Woodcock, executed by the Stuarts in 1646, for his Catholicism
  • Liv Cooke, football freestyler.
  • Tim Farron, Leader of the Liberal Democrats 2015–2017, attended Runshaw College as a teenager.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • BBC Online (2006a) Schools in Lancashire, EducationLeague Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 27 June 2007]
  • BBC Online (2006b) Institutions in Lancashire, EducationLeague Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 4 May 2007]
  • Hunt, D., (1990), The History of Leyland and District, Carnegie Press, ISBN 0-948789-48-4
  • Hunt, D. and Waring, W. (1995), The Archive Photograph Series: Leyland, Chalford Publishing Company, ISBN 0-7524-0348-6
  • Smith, J., (2003), Then and Now: Leyland, Tempus Publishing, ISBN 0-7524-2672-9
  • South Ribble Borough Council – Leyland Town Centre Masterplan [accessed 23 April 2008]

External links[edit]