List of Turkish flags – Wikipedia

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This is a list of flags used historically and currently by the Turkish people and the Turkish authorities.

National flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Turkey.svg 1844 (1936)–present Flag of Turkey 18th-century design officially adopted in 1844. The star and crescent design appears on Ottoman flags beginning in the late 18th or early 19th century. The white star and crescent moon on red as the flag of the Ottoman Empire was introduced 1844.[1]

After the declaration of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, the new administrative regime maintained the last flag of the Ottoman Empire. Proportional standardizations were introduced in the Turkish Flag Law of 1936.[2]

Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg 1984–present Flag of Northern Cyprus The Flag of the Northern Cyprus has a red crescent and star on a white background and two stripes on the neck.[3]

Presidential flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the President of Turkey.svg 1923–present Presidential standard of the president of Turkey. A presidential seal, which is composed of a sun with 8 long and 8 short rays surrounded by 16 stars. The sun represents the infinity of Turkey and the 16 stars represent the 16 symbolizing the 16 Great Turkic Empires in history.[4] The 16 stars are aligned with a 22.5 degree angle, equidistantly surrounding the sun. One edge of each star points to the center of the sun.[5]
Flag of the President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (1984-1989).png 1984-1989 Presidential standard of the president of Northern Cyprus. Apart from the drawstring edge the other three edges is framed with gold latten. On the white ground, the star and crescent has vermilion color and has two lines lengthwise. On the left corner, there are two gold latten stars one within the other and which is separated by the vermilion colored ground.[6]

Military flags[edit]

Turkish Armed Forces[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Standard of General staff of Turkish Armed Forces.svg ?–present Standard of the Chief of the Turkish General Staff.[7]
Regment flag of 39th Mechanized Infantry Brigade.svg ?-present Regimental standard Regimental standard of Turkey, with this spesific one being the standard of the 39th Mechanized Infantry Brigade

Turkish Land Forces[edit]

Turkish Naval Forces[edit]

Turkish Air Force[edit]

Gendarmerie General Command[edit]

Coast Guard Command[edit]

Governmental flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the General Directorate of Customs Protection of Turkey.svg ?–present Flag of the General Directorate of Customs Protection of Turkey[9]
Flag of the Customs Administration of Turkey.svg ?–present Flag of the Customs Administration of Turkey
Flag of the General Directorate of Health for Borders and Coasts of Turkey.svg ?–present Flag of the General Directorate of Health for Borders and Coasts

Historical flags[edit]

Other flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Turkortodoks.svg 1922–present Flag of the Autocephalous Turkish Orthodox Patriarchate
Flag of the Iraqi Turkmen Front.svg 1994–present Flag of Turkmeneli The flag of Turkmeneli represents the Iraqi Turkmens. It consists of a cyan background symbolizing the sky, with two horizontal white stripes running the width of the flag surrounding the white star and crescent which is positioned in the center of the flag.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^

    Raw, Dr Laurence (2013-09-18). The Silk Road of Adaptation: Transformations across Disciplines and Cultures. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 42. ISBN 9781443852890.

  2. ^ “Türk Bayrağı Kanunu” [Law on Turkish Flag] (PDF). Tbmm.gov.tr. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  3. ^ “KKTC Bayrağı” (in Turkish). Presidency of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
  4. ^ “Seal”. Presidency of The Republic Of Türkiye.
  5. ^ “Flag Of Office”. Presidency of The Republic Of Türkiye.
  6. ^ “Presidental Flag”. Presidency of the Republic of Northern Cyprus.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r “KOMUTANLIK FORSLARI” (in Turkish). Turkish Armed Forces.
  8. ^ “Ensign (Commander in Chief)”.
  9. ^ “Kurumsal Logolar” (in Turkish). 9 November 2019.
  10. ^ “The Ensign of the Battlecruiser Hamidiye”.
  11. ^ YUSUF HALAÇOĞLU & HALİT EREN (1988–2016). “BATI TRAKYA Karadeniz, Marmara ve Ege denizleriyle Balkan-Rodop dağ silsilesi arasında kalan ve Trakya adı verilen arazi parçasının batı kesimi.”. TDV Encyclopedia of Islam (44+2 vols.) (in Turkish). Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Foundation, Centre for Islamic Studies.
  12. ^ “The Caliphate Ensign of the Yacht Söğütlü”.