Mustankallio water tower – Wikipedia

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Water tower in Finland

Coordinates: 60°59′32.5″N 25°40′17.8″E / 60.992361°N 25.671611°E / 60.992361; 25.671611

View from the southeast, in snow

Mustankallio water tower lies in the Kiveriö district of Lahti, Finland, and stands 50 metres (160 ft) tall. Completed by a local company in 1963, it includes two water reservoirs, a penthouse meeting facility complete with sauna, and a viewing platform. The design, which features pre-stressed concrete elements and asbestos cement cladding, was a departure from the steel water tower structures commonly built in the region. When commissioned, its original name was the Metelinmäki Water Tower. It has been described as crocus-like in appearance and complimented on its elegance.

Design and construction[edit]

Water towers in the region, many of which were built in the 19th century, had previously been built from steel. They have been described as “ugly and uninspiring” and “marring the skyline”.[1] This structure, designed by Ing. Büro Paavo Simula and Company, was intended to be more aesthetic to minimise its effect on the visual environment.[2][3] It stands on Mustankallio hill.[4]

The tower was completed in 1963 by local construction firm B&K.[5][6][2] It is constructed of pre-stressed concrete elements built locally, under license from the German Dyckerhoff & Widmann (Dywidag) company.[2] The main body contains two drinking water reservoirs with a combined capacity of 225,000 imperial gallons (1,020,000 L), protected from freezing by a lining of mineral wool.[6][7] The exterior is clad with asbestos cement panels.[7]

The structure stands 50 metres (160 ft) tall; the top of the tower is 109 metres (358 ft) above the nearby Lake Vesijärvi and 190 metres (620 ft) above sea level. The uppermost portion of the tower is around 23 metres (75 ft) in diameter.[5] The structure has received praise for its “striking appearance” and “elegant lines”.[1][6] The design has been described as crocus-like.[7]

The water company Lahti Aqua owns the tower and uses it to store water for distribution to the town. At night water is pumped into the tank from lower-level storage, during the day water is drained via gravity feed and hydrostatic pressure from the tank for distribution to Mustankallio, Kiveriö, Tonttila and Pyhättömänmäki.[5]

The tower contains a viewing platform with good views across the town.[2][8][9] The tower also contains a meeting room capable of housing 30 to 40 people, a sauna that can accommodate 15, a lounge, kitchen, toilet and showers. The facilities are available for rent between 8 a.m. and midnight. Small-sized lifts offer access to the facilities.[10]

In 2015, the facade exterior panels were replaced.[11]

It is part of the motif in the 2021 Ironman 70.3 Ironman Triathlon Finland medal.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Adey, R. A. (1981). Engineering Software II: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Engineering Software, Held at Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, March 1981. Southampton: CML Publications. p. 466. ISBN 978-0-905451-03-9.
  2. ^ a b c d Klass, Gert von (1965). Weit spannt sich der Bogen, 1865–1965: die Geschichte der Bauunternehmung Dyckerhoff & Widmann (in German). Verlag für Wirtschaftspublizistik Bartels [The arch spans a wide range, 1865–1965: the history of the construction company Dyckerhoff & Widmann]. p. 289.
  3. ^ Lloyd, A. R. (1980). Elevated Water Towers. University of Cape Town, Department of Civil Engineering. p. 2.
  4. ^ New Times. Trud. Russia. 1981. p. 21.
  5. ^ a b c “Mustankallion vesitornin tekniset tiedot”. Lahti Aqua (in Finnish). Retrieved 9 July 2021.
  6. ^ a b c The Municipal and Public Services Journal. Vol. 74. 1966. p. 110.
  7. ^ a b c Interbuild. Prefabrication Publications. 1966. p. 11.
  8. ^ Simpson, Colin (1967). The Viking Circle: Denmark, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 224.
  9. ^ Thiel, Osmo (1970). Lahti (in Russian). Lahti, Finland: Otava.
  10. ^ “Kokoustila vesitornissa”. Lahti Aqua (in Finnish). Retrieved 9 July 2021.
  11. ^ Scanclimber. “Case: Mustakallio Water Tower, Finland, 149 photos” (Photographs) – via Machine model used: CS5000 MCWP with snake platform system. Purpose of use: Replacing old facade plates with new ones. Mustakallio Water Tower Facade, Lahti, Finland. Height 50 m, diameter 23 m. Tower was built in 1963.
  12. ^ “Ironman Finland Medal, 2021”. Ironman Finland. Retrieved July 10, 2021. You will experience the Sibelius Hall to be the heart of our event, and notice some of the tallest spots like the Salpausselkä ski jumping venue and the Mustankallio water tower with a spectacular view of the city of Lahti.

External links[edit]