Names and titles of Muhammad
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The names and titles of Muhammad,names and attributes of Muhammad, Names of Muhammad (Arabic: أسماء النبي, romanized: Asmā’u ’n-Nabiyy) are the names of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and used by Muslims, where 88 of them are commonly known, but also countless names which are found mainly in the Quran and hadith literature. The Quran addresses Muhammad in the second person by various appellations; prophet, messenger, servant of God (abd).
The name Muhammad () means “praiseworthy” and appears four times in the Quran. The name of chapter Surah 47 of the Quran is “Muhammad”. The name Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim, begins with the kunya Abū, which corresponds to the English, father of.
The Quran also refers to Muhammad as Ahmad “more praiseworthy” (Arabic: أحمد). The penultimate prophet in Islam, Isa ibn Maryam also refers Muhammad as Ahmad in the Sura As-Saff 61:6.
Muhammad is also referred to as Hamid, or “Praiser (of Allah)” (Arabic: حامد), and as Mahmud, or “Most Highly Praised” (Arabic: محمود).
|Quranic chapter||Verse||English translation (by Abdullah Yusuf Ali)|
|Al Imran||144||Muhammad is only a messenger: many Were the messenger that passed away before him. If he died or were slain, will ye then Turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; but Allah (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve Him) with gratitude.|
|Al-Ahzab||40||Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.|
|Muhammad||2||But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and believe in the (Revelation) sent down to Muhammad – for it is the Truth from their Lord, – He will remove from them their ills and improve their condition.|
|al-Fatḥ||29||Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against disbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the Taurat; and their similitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight. As a result, it fills the Unbelievers with rage at them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great Reward.|
|Aṣ-Ṣaff||6||And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, “this is evident sorcery!” |
Muhammad is often referenced with these titles or epithets:
- Seal of the prophets (Arabic: خاتم النبيين, romanized: Khātam al-Nabiyyīn) 
- The Prophet, (Arabic: أَلْنَّبِيّ, romanized: al-Nabī), also, the Prophet of Prophets.
- Messenger of God, (Arabic: رسول الله, romanized: Rasūl’Allāh)
- The Beloved (Arabic: الحَبِيبُ, romanized: al-Ḥabīb) or The Beloved of God (Arabic: حَبِيبُ اللهِ, romanized: Ḥabīb Allāh)
- The Chosen or The Appointed (Arabic: المُصْطَفَى, romanized: al-Muṣṭafā)
- The Genuine, The Trustworthy, or The Faithful (Arabic: الأَمِينُ, romanized: al-Amīn)
- The Honest, The Righteous, or The Truthful (Arabic: الصِّدِّيقُ, romanized: al-Ṣiddīq)
- Kind, Compassionate, or Affectionate (Arabic: رَءُوف, romanized: Raʾūf)
- Model (of Conduct, Merit, or Virtue) (Arabic: أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَة, romanized: Uswatun Ḥasanah)
- The Perfect (Arabic: أَلْكَامِل, romanized: al-Kāmil)
- The Best of Mankind (Arabic: خَيْرُ البَشَرِ, romanized: Khayr al-Bashar)
- Mercy to the Worlds (Arabic: الرَّحْمَةُ لِلْعَالَمِينَ, romanized: al-Raḥmah lil-ʿĀlamīn)
- al-Mubashir, “The Bearer of Good Tidings”
- an-Nadhir, “The Warner”
- al-Mudhakkir, “The Reminder”
- ad-Dā‘ī, “The One Who Calls (unto God)”
- al-Bashir, “The Announcer”
- an-Nūr, “The Light Personified”
- al-Misbah, “The Lamp/ Lantern” (lit. “Bringer of Light – Dawn”) – i.e.: as-Siraaj al-Muneer, “The Lamp of Illuminated, Ever-glowing, Ever-Enlightening, Incandescent”
- as-Siraaj, “The Lamp/ Lantern” – i.e.: as-Siraaj al-Muneer, “The Lamp of Illuminated, Ever-glowing, Ever-Enlightening, Incandescent”
- Ni‘mat-Ullah, “The Divine Favour”
- al-Ummiyy, “The Unlettered and Illiterate”, i.e.: An-Nabiyyu l-Ummiyy, “The Prophet who is Unlettered and Illiterate”
- al-‘Aqib, “The Last (Prophet)”
- al-Mutawakkil, “The One who Puts his Trust (in God)”
- Qutham, “Of Perfect Character. Gifted With Every Merit.”
- al-Mahi, “The Remover (of Disbelief)”
- al-Hanif, “The One of Primordial Religion”
- Nâbîyyu at-Tawbah, “The Prophet of Penitence”
- al-Mu`azzaz, “The Strengthened One, the One Made Invulnerable”
- al-Muwaqqar, “Held in Awe”
- al-Fatih, “The Opener”
- al-Hashir, “The Gatherer (First to be Resurrected) on the Day of Judgement”[Quran 2:119]
- al-Shafî`, “The Intercessor”
- Kareem, Noble and Generous (Arabic: كريمٍ),
- Shahid/Shahed (Arabic: شَاهِدًا), A Witness
- al-Mushaffa`, The One Whose Intercession Shall be Granted
- al-Mujtaba, The Chosen (Arabic: اَلْـمُـجْـتَـبَى)
- ‘Abd’Allah, Servant of Allah
- Akhir, ‘The Final, that is, the final prohet, “Last Messenger”
Muhammad is sometimes addressed by designations deriving from his state at the time of the address: thus he is referred to as the enwrapped (Al-Muzzammil) in Quran 73:1 and the shrouded (al-muddaththir) in Quran 74:1.
He is also known by these epithets:
In Iran, Central Asia and South Asia, Turkey and the Balkans, he is often called Hadrat (His Presence or His Holiness) Arabic: حضرت, romanized: ḥadhrat) or Messenger (Persian: پيغمبر, romanized: peygamber).
Islamic scholars strongly emphasize the need for Muslims to follow the name of Muhammad, whether spoken or written, with the honorific phrase “peace be upon him”, often abbreviated to PBUH or SAW, from Arabic: صلى الله عليه وسلم, romanized: sallallahu alayhe wasallam or written ﷺ.
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- ^ 33:40
- ^ Ernst (2004), p. 80
- ^ Quran 22:75
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- ^ Quran 33:22
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- ^ Quran 21:107
- ^ a b Quran 11:2
- ^ Quran 88:21
- ^ Quran 12:108
- ^ Quran 2:119
- ^ Quran 5:15
- ^ a b Quran 33:46
- ^ Quran 16:83
- ^ Quran 7:157–158
- ^ Sahih Muslim, 4:1859
- ^ a b Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:56:732
- ^ Quran 9:129
- ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:56:732
- ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 9:93:601
- ^ Quran 3:159Quran 4:64Quran 60:12
- ^ Quran 69:40
- ^ Quran 33:45
- ^ Quran 19:87Quran 20:109
- ^ “Mujtaba, A Quranic Name for Boys”. quranicnames.com. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
- ^ Quran 25:1
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- ^ Schimmel, Annemarie (1990). Islamic Names: An Introduction (Islamic Surveys). Edinburgh University Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-85224-563-7.
Chiabotti, Francesco, Names, in Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God (2 vols.), Edited by C. Fitzpatrick and A. Walker, Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2014. ISBN 1610691776