Sinait – Wikipedia

Municipality in Ilocos Region, Philippines


Municipality of Sinait
Public Market

Public Market

Official seal of Sinait



Garlic Center of the North

Map of Ilocos Sur with Sinait highlighted

Map of Ilocos Sur with Sinait highlighted


Sinait is located in Philippines

Coordinates: 17°52′00″N 120°27′30″E / 17.8667°N 120.4583°E / 17.8667; 120.4583Coordinates: 17°52′00″N 120°27′30″E / 17.8667°N 120.4583°E / 17.8667; 120.4583
Country Philippines
Region Ilocos Region
Province Ilocos Sur
District 1st district
Barangays 44
(see Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Shee-an C. Guzman
 • Vice Mayor Clifford L. Ines
 • Representative Deogracias Victor B. Savellano
 • Municipal Council
 • Electorate 18,415 voters (2019)
 • Total 65.56 km2 (25.31 sq mi)
Elevation 21 m (69 ft)
Highest elevation 223 m (732 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 • Total 25,998
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Households 5,872
 • Income class 3rd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence 5.64% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue ₱139,196,470.15 (2020)
 • Assets ₱1,318,945,915.97 (2020)
 • Expenditure ₱155,452,744.29 (2020)
 • Liabilities ₱88,491,785.48 (2020)
 • Electricity Ilocos Sur Electric Cooperative (ISECO)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code


IDD: area code  +63 (0)77
Native languages Ilocano

Sinait, officially the Municipality of Sinait (Ilocano: Ili ti Sinait; Filipino: Bayan ng Sinait), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 25,998 people. [3]


The Chapel of the Santo Cristo Milagroso in Dadalaquiten Norte (the white building), taken from the Chapel of the La Virgen Milagrosa in nearby Paguetpet, Badoc. The body of water in the picture is part of the seashore where the two images were allegedly found floating in a box.

Before Magellan discovered the Philippines in 1521, the locality was only a small village of little over a hundred natives who were called “Tirongs.” By nature, these primitive inhabitants were sea-faring warlike. In their fast and picturesque sailboats, they traveled to adjoining and distant places, most particularly to settlements and villages along the Ilocos Coast in Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan and even Zambales. In those adventures, the “Tirongs “ always challenged the people encountered to tribal wars and fought small battles against them. Often, those sturdy and brave natives came out victorious. Even in their daily chores, those people showed their ferocious characteristics. When the renowned Iberians came, Salcedo was sent to explore and colonized the Ilocos territory during the early years of the Spanish regime, he found the “Tirongs” of Sinait in apogee of the social state. Small battles were daily occurrence so that in the year 1535, when the locality was organized and established as a “Pueblo” Salcedo named the new community as “SIN-NAIT”, a word in the local tongue which means “CONTEST”. As a pueblo, SINAIT embraced and included in its territorial limit such as distant places as RANCHERA DE PAUR”, now the Municipality of Nueva Era in Ilocos Norte and Southern barrios of Badoc of the same Province. The vast territory, however, was reduced to present 78 square kilometers. In the year 1575, the natives fully realized the hardships of pronouncing the term “SIN-NAIT” and to go away with the trouble, Salcedo declared that one of the letter “N” be dropped. Since then, this Municipality has been called “SINAIT”. Nevertheless, it was only in 1913 when the same was “deeded” by the government upon the initiative of the late Don Calixto Cabacungan so that the Municipality Council enacted a resolution to that effect, that SINAIT was adopted as official name of the community to which said resolution was duly approved by the Provincial board of Ilocos Sur and by the Defunct Philippine Legislature.

The Santo Cristo Milagroso[edit]

Sinait houses the Sanctuary of the Miraculous Statue of the Black Nazarene (El Santo Cristo Milagroso), fondly called by its residents as “Apo Lakay,” and a treasure of Ilocandia. History traces the life-sized statue to Nagasaki, Japan. It was probably sent floating in the sea by missionaries operating in secret in Japan (for fear of persecution during the Tokugawa Bakufu). The box was found by local fishermen in the shores of Barangay Dadalaquiten Norte, on the boundary between Sinait and nearby Paguetpet (La Virgen Milagrosa), Badoc, in the year 1620, and fishermen from both towns carried it ashore. They found two statues inside the box—a statue of the Black Nazarene, and a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary. According to legend, The fishermen from Sinait mysteriously were unable to move the statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary, but had no problems moving the Statue of the Black Nazarene. The fishermen from Badoc, however, were able to move the Statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary (later called the La Virgen Milagrosa) with ease, as they were unable to carry the image of the Black Nazarene. They took the statues to their respective towns, hence becoming their patron saints. In 1656, with a spreading devotion to the Santo Cristo Milagroso due to its miraculous powers, the Black Crucifix was taken to the capital town of Vigan, since an epidemic was raging there and through the devotion of the faithful, many got cured. Because of this, it is considered as an intercessor of all kinds of affliction and sickness. In 1660, because of the growing veneration to the image, the faithful begun the construction of a permanent edifice to house it. It took the people of Sinait eight years to construct the church with funds provides by the Spanish Audiencia. Today the landing site of Apo Lakay still exists in Barangay Dadalaquiten Norte, and is a place of pilgrimage for devotees.


It is the northernmost municipality of the province and is 36 kilometres (22 mi) from the provincial capital, Vigan, 46 kilometres (29 mi) from Laoag, and 441 kilometres (274 mi) from Manila.


Sinait is politically subdivided into 44 barangays.[5] These barangays are headed by elected officials: Barangay Captain, Barangay Council, whose members are called Barangay Councilors. All are elected every three years.

  • Aguing
  • Ballaigui (Poblacion)
  • Baliw
  • Baracbac
  • Barikir
  • Battog
  • Binacud
  • Cabangtalan
  • Cabarambanan
  • Cabulalaan
  • Cadanglaan
  • Calingayan
  • Curtin
  • Dadalaquiten Norte
  • Dadalaquiten Sur
  • Duyayyat
  • Jordan
  • Calanutian
  • Katipunan
  • Macabiag (Poblacion)
  • Magsaysay
  • Marnay
  • Masadag
  • Nagcullooban
  • Nagbalioartian
  • Nagongburan
  • Namnama (Poblacion)
  • Pacis
  • Paratong
  • Dean Leopoldo Yabes (Pug-os)
  • Purag
  • Quibit-quibit
  • Quimmallogong
  • Rang-ay (Poblacion)
  • Ricudo
  • Sabangan (Marcos)
  • Sallacapo
  • Santa Cruz
  • Sapriana
  • Tapao
  • Teppeng
  • Tubigay
  • Ubbog
  • Zapat


Climate data for Sinait, Ilocos Sur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
Average low °C (°F) 19
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9
Average rainy days 4.6 4.0 6.2 9.1 19.5 23.2 24.0 22.5 21.5 15.2 10.5 6.0 166.3
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[6]


Population census of Sinait
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 9,157 —    
1918 12,335 +2.01%
1939 11,722 −0.24%
1948 12,015 +0.27%
1960 15,170 +1.96%
1970 16,429 +0.80%
1975 17,952 +1.79%
1980 19,050 +1.19%
1990 21,779 +1.35%
1995 22,608 +0.70%
2000 24,070 +1.35%
2007 24,896 +0.47%
2010 25,427 +0.77%
2015 25,640 +0.16%
2020 25,998 +0.27%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [7][8][9][10]

In the 2020 census, Sinait had a population of 25,998. [3] The population density was 400 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi).


As major producer of Garlic, Sinait is also known as the Garlic Center of the North.


  • Sinait Public Market – On certain days garlic from the municipality and even the neighboring municipalities of Badoc and Pinili in neighboring Ilocos Norte are traded here.
  • Barangay Pug-os/Dean Leopoldo Yabes – Barangay Pug-os was renamed as Barangay Dean Leopoldo Yabes, in honor of the Ilocano writer and dean from the University of the Philippines who once lived in Sinait.
  • Cabangtalan (Imelda’s Cove) – Features white sand beaches. It is located on the way to Barangay Dadalaquiten Norte and Paguetpet (Badoc).
  • Basilica of Saint Nicholas de Tolentino and Shrine of El Santo Cristo Milagroso – A Roman Catholic church, and a minor basilica, that houses the Miraculous Statue of the Black Nazarene (El Santo Cristo Milagroso) or “Apo Lakay.” On May 3, 2021, Archbishop Marlo Peralta of the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia announced that Pope Francis elevated the church to the rank of minor basilica during a Mass.[18] On February 16, 2022, it was officially declared as a minor basilica in a Eucharistic Celebration presided by the Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines Archbishop Charles John Brown and concelebrated by Archbishop of Nueva Segovia Marlo Mendoza Peralta and Archbishop of Lingayen-Dagupan Socrates Villegas with Archbishop of Manila Jose Fuerte Cardinal Advincula as the homilist, and also attended by Archbishop-emeritus of Cotabato Orlando Beltran Cardinal Quevedo and six other bishops from Northern Luzon.[19][20][21]
  • Barangay Dadalaquiten Norte – The landing place of the Miraculous Statue of the Black Nazarene in 1620, close to the landing place of the La Virgen Milagrosa in neighboring Paguetpet, Badoc, Ilocos Norte.[22][23]
  • Libunao Protected Landscape – A protected watershed area in Barangay Nagcullooban.
  • Sinait National High School – One of the largest secondary schools in Ilocos Sur.[citation needed]
  • Calanutian – Homeplace of Inez Cannoyan the wife of Lam-Ang in the fictional Ilocano Story Biag ni Lam-Ang
  • Lugo Beach – A summer destination located at Dadalaquiten Norte, where the Dadalaquiten Floating Cottages are found. The place where the Santo Cristo Milagroso was carried ashore when it was found (with the La Virgen Milagrosa).
  • Cabulalaan Hills – A hiking destination.[citation needed]


Sinait, belonging to the first congressional district of the province of Ilocos Sur, is governed by a mayor designated as its local chief executive and by a municipal council as its legislative body in accordance with the Local Government Code. The mayor, vice mayor, and the councilors are elected directly by the people through an election which is being held every three years.

Elected officials[edit]

Members of the Municipal Council
Position Name
Congressman Deogracias Victor B. Savellano
Mayor Shee-an C. Guzman
Vice-Mayor Clifford L. Ines
Councilors Jespher R. Barcelona
Joselito L. Ines
Blayne B. Guzman
Ehlafe Y. Battad
Wilhelmino R. Ibañez
Marlowrie I. Remolacio
Marlon B. Ines
Jojo Q. Yoro


  1. ^ Municipality of Sinait | (DILG)
  2. ^ “2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density” (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). “Region I (Ilocos Region)”. Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ “PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates”. Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ “Province: Ilocos Sur”. PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  6. ^ “Sinait: Average Temperatures and Rainfall”. Meteoblue. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  7. ^ Census of Population (2015). “Region I (Ilocos Region)”. Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). “Region I (Ilocos Region)”. Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). “Region I (Ilocos Region)”. Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ “Province of Ilocos Sur”. Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ “Poverty incidence (PI):”. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  12. ^; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ “PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates”. Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  18. ^ “Pope declares Sinait Church a minor basilica”. CBCPNews. 4 May 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ “Sinait Church in Ilocos Sur formally elevated to minor basilica”. CBCPNews. 2022-02-16. Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  20. ^ Baroña, Franco Jose C. (2022-02-20). “It’s official: Sinait church now a basilica minor”. The Manila Times. Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  21. ^ “Heritage church in Ilocos Sur declared ‘minor basilica’. RAPPLER. 2022-02-21. Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  22. ^ “Tourism”. Municipality of Sinait. Retrieved 14 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. ^ “Get a glimpse of Ilocos Sur history via visita iglesia”. GMA News Online. Retrieved 14 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ “2019 National and Local Elections” (PDF). Commission on Elections. Retrieved March 11, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]