Harari Region – Wikipedia

Regional state in eastern Ethiopia

Regional state in Ethiopia

The Harari Region (Amharic: ሐረሪ ክልል; Oromo: Hararii Naannoo), officially the Harari People’s National Regional State (Amharic: የሐረሪ ሕዝብ ብሔራዊ ክልላዊ መንግሥት; Oromo: Mootummaa Naannoo Ummata Hararii), is a regional state in eastern Ethiopia, covering the homeland of the Harari people. Formerly named Region 13, its capital is Harar. Harari is the smallest regional state in Ethiopia in both land area and population. Harari and Oromo are the two official languages of the region. The region was created by splitting the Hundane district from East Hararghe Zone. Harari Region is enclaved by Oromia.[4]


Ethnic groups of Harari region

  Other (1.17%)

Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), Harari has a total population of 183,415, of whom 92,316 were men and 91,099 women. This region is the only one in Ethiopia where the majority of its population lives in an urban area: 99,368 or 54.18% of the population are urban inhabitants. With an estimated area of 311.25 square kilometers,[citation needed] this region has an estimated density of 589.05 people per square kilometer. For the entire region 46,169 households were counted, which results in an average for the region of 3.9 persons to a household, with urban households having on average 3.4 and rural households 4.6 people. Ethnic groups in the region include the Oromo (56.41%), Amhara (22.77%), Harari (8.65%), Gurage (4.34%), Somali (3.87%), Tigray (1.53%), and Argobba (1.26%). Languages spoke include Oromiffa (56.84%), Amharic (27.53%), Harari (7.33%), Somali (3.70%), and Gurage (2.91%).

In the previous census, conducted in 1994, the region’s population was reported to be 131,139, of whom 65,550 were men and 65,589 women. At the time of that census, 76,378 or 58.24% of the population lived in urban areas. Ethnic groups in the region recorded in the earlier census included the Oromo (47.1%), Amhara (50.7%), Harari (7.1%), Gurage (3.2%), Tigray (1.71%), and Somali (1.68%). Languages recorded included Oromiffa (72.79%), Amharic (22.97%), Harari (7.61%), Gurage (1.13%) and Tigrinya (1.13%)

According to the CSA, as of 2004, 73.28% of the total population had access to safe drinking water, of whom 39.83% were rural inhabitants and 95.28% were urban.[5] Values for other reported common indicators of the standard of living for the Harari region as of 2005 include the following: 5.7% of the inhabitants fall into the lowest wealth quintile; adult literacy for men is 78.4% and for women 54.9%; and the regional infant mortality rate is 66 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, which is less than the nationwide average of 77; at least half of these deaths occurred in the infants’ first month of life.[6]


Religion in Harari Region (2007)[7]

  Other (0.1%)

The religion with the most believers in the region is Islam with 68.99%, 27.1% are Ethiopian Orthodox, 3.4% Protestant, 0.3% Catholic, and 0.2% followers of other religions.[8] The population was projected to be 246,000 as of 2017.[2]
The religious composition of the population of the region indicated that 60.28% were Muslim, 38.09% Ethiopian Orthodox, 0.94% Protestant, and 0.46% Catholic.[9]


A map of the regions and zones of Ethiopia

There are 9 numbered woredas in Harari region. Under the woreda there are 19 city kebeles and 17 rural kebeles:[8]
The woredas are:

City kebeles are

Rural kebeles are


The CSA of Ethiopia estimated in 2005 that farmers in Harari had a total of
31,730 head of cattle (representing less than 0.1% of Ethiopia’s total cattle), 3,440 sheep (less than 0.1%), 26,910 goats (0.21%), 6,320 asses (0.25%), 31,430 poultry of all species (0.1%), and 670 beehives (less than 0.1%).[10]

List of Chief Administrator of Harari Region[edit]

(This list is based on information from Worldstatesmen.org.)

See also[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 National Statistics Archived 2013-03-30 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Population Projection of Ethiopia for All Regions At Wereda Level from 2014 – 2017. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency. Archived from the original on 6 June 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  3. ^ “Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab”. hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ Ethiopia: Political Turmoil in the City-State of Harar, 19 April 2011
  5. ^ “Households by sources of drinking water, safe water sources” Archived 2008-11-18 at the Wayback Machine CSA Selected Basic Welfare Indicators (accessed 21 January 2009)
  6. ^ Macro International Inc. “2008. Ethiopia Atlas of Key Demographic and Health Indicators, 2005.” (Calverton: Macro International, 2008), pp. 2, 3, 10 (accessed 28 January 2009)
  7. ^ http://catalog.ihsn.org/index.php/catalog/3583/download/50086
  8. ^ a b Census 2007 Tables: Harari Archived 2010-11-14 at the Wayback Machine, Tables 2.1, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.4
  9. ^ “The 1994 Population and Housing census of Harari Region Volume I” Archived 2010-11-15 at the Wayback Machine, Tables 2.2, 2.8, and 2.9
  10. ^ “CSA 2005 National Statistics” Archived 2008-11-18 at the Wayback Machine, Tables D.4 – D.7.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 9°18′40″N 42°07′26″E / 9.3109946°N 42.1238136°E / 9.3109946; 42.1238136