Kampong Cham province – Wikipedia
Province of Cambodia
Province in Cambodia
Kampong Cham (Khmer: កំពង់ចាម, IPA: [kɑmpɔŋ caːm]; lit. ‘Cham Port’) is a province of Cambodia located on the central lowlands of the Mekong River. It borders the provinces of Kampong Chhnang to the west, Kampong Thom and Kratié to the north, Tboung Khmum to the east, and Prey Veng and Kandal to the south. Kampong Cham was officially divided into two provinces on 31 December 2013 in what was seen by many as a political move by the ruling party. All land west of the Mekong remained Kampong Cham while land east of the river became Tbong Khmum province. Prior to this division, Kampong Cham extended eastward to the international border with Vietnam, was the eleventh largest province in Cambodia, and with a population of 1,680,694, was the most populous province in Cambodia. Its capital and largest city is Kampong Cham.
Kampong Cham means “Port of the Chams” in Khmer. Kampong means port, harbor. Cham refers to the ethnic Cham people living in the province. The word Kampong in Cham is shared in other Austronesian language, the Malaysian and Indonesian, both mean village. A symbol the province is known for is two snakes wrapped around each other, which located at the capital city bridge, Kampong Cham.
Kampong Cham is primarily lowlands. The main river is the Mekong River which forms the eastern border of the province, separating it from Tbong Khmum province.
Kampong Cham is subdivided into 9 districts and 1 municipality which in turn are subdivided into communes (khum) which are further divided into villages (phum). The province formerly consisted of 16 districts, however a request by Hun Sen’s government to split the province in two was made after his ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) lost the province to the opposition in the July 2013 elections. The CPP won only eight of the available 18 National Assembly seats in Hun Sen’s home province. The request, which was ostensibly made in order to improve administrative efficiency in the large province, was approved by King Sihamoni on 31 December 2013. The 10 districts that remain in Kampong Cham province overwhelmingly voted for the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party, led by Sam Rainsy, while five of the six districts cut out from Kampong Cham to form Tboung Khmum province were won solidly by the CPP.
|— Municipality —|
|03-05||Kampong Cham||កំពង់ចាម||38,365||4 sangkat|
|— District —|
|03-02||Chamkar Loeu||ចំការលើ||101,675||8 khum|
|03-03||Cheung Prey||ជើងព្រៃ||92,898||10 khum|
|03-06||Kampong Siem||កំពង់សៀម||94,729||15 khum|
|03-07||Kang Meas||កងមាស||85,488||11 khum|
|03-08||Koh Sotin||កោះសូទិន||48,069||8 khum|
|03-13||Prey Chhor||ព្រៃឈរ||133,712||15 khum|
|03-14||Srey Santhor||ស្រីសន្ធរ||81,687||14 khum|
|03-15||Steung Trang||ស្ទឹងត្រង់||103,501||12 khum|
Kampong Cham is allocated 10 seats in the National Assembly, down from 18. It had been the largest constituency until 2018.
- Bun Rany, President of Cambodian Red Cross
- Hang Thun Hak, former Prime Minister
- Hem Heng, diplomat
- Heng Samrin, Speaker of the National Assembly
- Hun Manet, son of Hun Sen
- Hun Neang, father of Hun Sen
- Hun Sen, Prime Minister
- In Tam, former Prime Minister
- Keng Vannsak, author
- Kong Korm, Senator
- Say Chhum, President of the Senate
- Sim Var, former Prime Minister