České dráhy (English: Czech Railways), often shortened to ČD, is the major railway operator in the Czech Republic providing regional and long-distance services.
The company was established in 1993, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, as a successor of the Czechoslovak State Railways. It is a member of the International Railway Union (UIC Country Code for the Czech Republic is 54), Community of European Railways and the Organization for Railway Cooperation (Asia and Europe). With twenty-four thousand employees ČD Group is the fifth largest Czech company by the number of employees.
Until 1 July 2008, České dráhy was the biggest employer in the Czech Republic. After experiencing regular losses and requiring government subsidy, the railway reported its first ever profit in 2007 while still receiving government subsidy. Attempts to make it more efficient are currently ongoing and a recent plan to move passenger transport to an independent subsidiary was approved by the Czech government in January 2008.
ČD operates trains; fixed infrastructure (such as tracks) is managed by SŽDC. In December 2010, the Czech government proposed bringing SŽDC and ČD together in a single holding company. The government has also changed the subsidy available to ČD and SŽDC.
In 2014 Pavel Krtek was elected chairman of the board of directors.
In 2019 the supervisory board of Czech Railways dismissed Miroslav Kupec, chairman of the board of directors, who has been in office since September 2018.
In 2015 its consolidated revenues reached CZK 33 billion. Revenues from passenger transport amounted to CZK 21 billion (64% transfer payments from the government, 24% intrastate transport, 12% international transport), revenues from freight transport operated by subsidiary ČD Cargo amounted to CZK 11 billion.
- 9,412 km (5,848 mi) of railway lines operated by ČD, of which 3,210 km (1,990 mi) was electrified track and 1,906 km (1,184 mi) is double- and multiple-track, all of them transferred to the infrastructure operator SŽDC since.
- 168.8 million passengers carried
- 6,907 million passenger-kilometres
- 76.723 million tonnes of goods carried
- 13,592 million tonne-kilometres
České dráhy is the result of more than 160 years of railway history in the Czech lands. Historic milestones include:
ČD Cargo, the cargo subsidiary, mainly transports raw materials, intermediate goods and containers. As of 2009, it is ranked in the top five largest railway cargo operators in Europe.
- 2,726 tractive vehicles, of which 856 are electric locomotives and train-sets
- 27,416 freight cars
- 3,605 passenger cars
- Annual Report of České dráhy, a.s. for the Year 2019, http://www.ceskedrahy.cz/assets/pro-investory/financni-zpravy/vyrocni-zpravy/annual-report_1.pdf
- Annual Report of České dráhy, a.s. for the Year 2014, auditor Deloitte Audit s.r.o.
- ČD Group (České dráhy, a.s. with its consolidated subsidiaries)
- PhDr. Zbyněk Zlinský. “SŽDC provozovatelem dráhy”. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
- “Annual Report of České Dráhy Group for the Year 2005 (p. 10)” (PDF).
- “Czech Railways Posts First Profit Ever”. Prague Daily Monitor. 14 January 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
- “Railway Gazette: Reform looks to cut costs”. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- Handl, Erich. “Government Approves Splitting off Passenger Transport from Czech Railways”. Czech Business Weekly. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
- “Miroslav Kupec končí v čele Českých drah. Proti obviněním se chce bránit právní cestou”. irozhlas.cz. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Annual Report of České dráhy, a.s. for the Year 2013, auditor Deloitte Audit s.r.o.
- České dráhy Group Statistical Yearbook 2010, available at http://www.ceskedrahy.cz/pro-investory/financni-zpravy/statisticka-rocenka/-11024/
- “České dráhy, a.s. – About Us”. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
- Annual report of České dráhy for 2006, assets CZK 54,4 billion, ownership equity CZK 35,7 billion
- “Czech Railways to Sell SkyEurope Tickets at Stations”. Prague Daily Monitor. 24 January 2008. Archived from the original on 29 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
- “ČD Cargo profile on their website”.
Media related to ČD at Wikimedia Commons