Baron Churchill (1815 creation) – Wikipedia

Title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

Baron Churchill
Coronet of a British Baron.svg

Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, quarterly Argent and Gules, the second and third quarters charged with a Fret Or, over all a Bend Sable, charged with three Escallops Argent (Spencer); 2nd & 3rd, Sable, a Lion rampant Argent, on a Canton (of honourable augmentation) Argent, a Cross Gules (Churchill). Crest: Out of a Ducal Coronet Or, a Griffin’s Head between two Wings expanded Argent, gorged with a Bar gemel Gules. Supporters: Dexter: A Griffin wings elevated per fess Argent and Or. Sinister: A Wyvern wings elevated Gules, both gorged with a Collar Or, charged with three Escallops Sable, attached thereto a line reflexed over the back, terminating in an Annulet Or.

Creation date 11 August 1815
Creation First
Monarch The Prince Regent (acting on behalf of his father King George III)
Peerage Peerage of the United Kingdom
First holder Lord Francis Spencer
Present holder Michael Spencer, 7th Baron Churchill
Heir presumptive David Spencer
Status Extant
Motto DIEU DEFEND LE DROIT
(English: God defend my right)
The Barony of Churchill was held by the Viscounts Churchill from 1902 to 2017

Baron Churchill, of Wychwood in the County of Oxford, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and held by a branch of the Spencer family. It was created in 1815 for Lord Francis Spencer,[1][2][3] younger son of the 4th Duke of Marlborough (see Duke of Marlborough for earlier history of the family). He had previously represented Oxfordshire in Parliament.

From 1902 to 2017, the barony was subsidiary title of the viscountcy of Churchill. The title of Viscount Churchill, of Rolleston in the County of Leicester, was created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom on 15 July 1902 for the first baron’s grandson Conservative politician Victor Spencer, 3rd Baron Churchill.[4] The viscountcy became extinct in 2017 on the death of the first Viscount’s youngest son, the third Viscount, who had succeeded his half-brother, the second Viscount, in 1973.

The barony was inherited by the last Viscount’s second cousin once removed,[5] the great-grandson of General the Hon. Sir Augustus Almeric Spencer GCB, who was the third son of the 1st Baron Churchill.

Baron Churchill (1815)[edit]

Viscount Churchill (1902)[edit]

Baron Churchill (1815; reverted)[edit]

  • Richard Harry Ramsay Spencer, 6th Baron Churchill (1926–2020)[5]
  • Michael Richard de Charrière Spencer, 7th Baron Churchill (born 1960)

The heir presumptive is the present holder’s nephew, Thomas Felix Cameron de Charrière Ellison Spencer (born 2006).

Male-line family tree[edit]

Male-line family tree, Barons Churchill and Viscounts Churchill.
Francis Spencer
1st Baron Churchill

1779–1845
Francis Spencer
2nd Baron Churchill

1802–1886
Lt. Col. Hon.
George Spencer
1804–1877
Gen. Hon.
Sir Augustus Spencer
1807–1893
Viscount Churchill
Victor Spencer
1st Viscount Churchill
3rd Baron Churchill

1864–1934
Lt. Col.
John Spencer-Munro
1849–1916
Lt. Col.
Augustus Spencer
1851–1912
Hon.
Victor Spencer
1888–1888
Victor Spencer
2nd Viscount Churchill
4th Baron Churchill

1890–1973
Victor Spencer
3rd Viscount Churchill
5th Baron Churchill

1934–2017
Capt.
Almeric Spencer-Munro
1885–1960
Col.
Richard Spencer
1888–1956
Viscountcy extinct
Richard Spencer
6th Baron Churchill

1926–2020
Michael Spencer
7th Baron Churchill

born 1960
Hon.
David Spencer
born 1970

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Parliament Online “Lord Francis Almeric (1779-1845), of Wychwood and Cornbury Park, Oxon”. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
  2. ^ Cracrofts peerage “Churchill, Baron (UK, 1815)”. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
  3. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography “Spencer, Francis Almeric, first Baron Churchill of Wychwood”. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
  4. ^ “No. 27455”. The London Gazette. 18 July 1902. p. 4586.
  5. ^ a b “The 3rd (and last) Viscount Churchill, OBE 1934-2017”. Peerage News. UK. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2018. The viscountcy of Churchill (created in 1902) now becomes extinct. The 3rd Viscount is succeeded in the barony of Churchill (created in 1815) by his second cousin once removed, Richard Harry Ramsay Spencer, born 11 Oct, 1926, who becomes the 6th Baron Churchill.
  6. ^ “Death Announcements: CHURCHILL”. The Telegraph. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.

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